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Citing

As a student you are bound by the principles of academic integrity, for example when writing a paper or thesis. There are strict rules concerning plagiarism. Citing your sources right is important to prevent it. But how do you read a reference and how to cite right?

Cite Them Right

Cite Them Right

Cite Them Right Online (CTRO) is a comprehensive guide to referencing just about any source: books, journal articles, websites, twitter posts, sacred texts, government publications and much more. The emphasis is on known citation styles, such as APA, Chicago, Harvard and Vancouver. The CTRO also includes tutorials on how to avoid plagiarism, how to create a bibliography and how to insert quotes in texts. 

Tutorials

Depending on your field, study and own personal preference, you can adopt one citation style. The two most frequently used ones in humanities are: MLA (Modern Language Association) en CMS (Chicago Manual of Style). The most important thing about using a citation style is consistency. Do not mix up the different styles and rules!

Tip: 2. While reading, write down where your information comes from (last name of the author + publication year + page). When you organise your sources clearly from the start, you will be able to find what you have read easily and be able to cite it correctly. For organizing your sources you can use a reference manager such as EndNote or Mendeley.

Learn more about citing in these tutorials:

Paraphrasing, summarizing and quoting
Learning Objective You learn paraphrasing, summarising and quoting combined with correct referencing and note-making.
Duration 20 minutes
By Monash University
You quote it, you note it

Learning
Objective

You’ll find out the difference between paraphrasing and quoting and how to cite.
Duration 10 minutes
By Acadia University
How do I make sense of a reference
Learning
Objective
Learn to recognize references.
Duration 10 minutes
By University Library Vrije Universiteit
Paraphrasing
Learning
Objective
You get a clear picture of paraphrasing, summarising and join information.
Duration 15 minutes
By RMIT University Australia
RefCite
Learning
Objective
Learn quoting directly, paraphrasing, summarizing and citing sources.
Duration 40 minutes
By Tilburg Universiteit
Citing, do’s & don’ts and plagiarism
Learning
Objective
Official regulations at Leiden University.
Duration 15 minutes
By Leiden University
Citationmachine
Learning Obective You learn about different citationstyles, including a citation generator.
Duration 10 minutes
By A Chegg service

In its most elementary definition plagiarism is taking someone else’s work, words or ideas, and presenting it as your own. So, if you refer to or paraphrase another’s work, you need to cite them. The main stumbling blocks seem to be when to cite – or rather whether something might be considered common knowledge – and how to paraphrase properly. You can learn more about avoiding plagiarism through these tutorials:

Plagiarism
Learning
Objective
Learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid plagiarism. 
Duration 30 minutes
By University of Missouri-Kansas city
Plagiarism and referencing
Learning Objective Learn why referencing is an important part of academic work and how to accurately attribute sources.
Duration 5 minutes
By University Library of the University of Sheffield
Plagiarism Quiz
Learning
Objective
Test (and improve) your basic knowledge of plagiarism, citing and paraphrasing.
Duration 5 minutes
By Ithaca College Library
How to avoid plagiarism
Learning
Objective
Learn what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.
Duration 15 minutes
By Erasmus University Library
Understanding and avoiding plagiarism

Learning
Objective

You learn to recognize plagiarism using exercises.
Duration 15 minutes
By Cornell University
Plagiarism tutorial
Learning
Objective
Test your ability to recognize plagiarism.
Duration 30 minutes
By University Library Leeds
Understanding plagiarism
Learning Objective You learn to recognize common myths, the importance of context and understand plagiarism and how to avoid it in an academic context.
Duration 15 minutes
By Eastern Michigan University

When writing your paper, outlining, structuring, and not panicking will all help, as will knowing that you do not have to write it perfectly in the first draft. If you are stuck or need more support have a look at the tutorials, Leiden University’s tips for good academic writing or make an appointment at the University Writing Center.

Academic writing
Learning
Objective
Learn how to structure your paper. 
Duration 30 minutes
By University of Sheffield
Developing your essay
Learning Objective Learn in this subject guide about developing your paper’s argument. 
Duration 5 minutes
By University of York
SAGE Project Planner – Writing up.
Learning
Objective
Tips for different kinds of writing 
Duration 20 minutes
By Sage
OWL Purdue online writing Lab
Learning
Objective
Learn about the writing process: pre-writing, developing research questions and outlines, composing thesis statements, and proofreading.
Duration 60 minutes
By Purdue Online Writing Lab
Excelsior Online Writing Lab

Learning
Objective

Learn about the researchprocess from start to finish.
Duration 60 minutes
By Excelsior Online Writing Lab
Harvard College Writing
Learning
Objective
Learn step by step about the writing process ​​​​​​
Duration 60 minutes
By Harvard University
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